Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.
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Khalid stopped here on June Their key strength was mobility. And Allah knows best. Abu Bakr earmarked a house where all money was kept on receipt. In important cities Guest Houses were constructed to serve as rest houses for traders and merchants coming from far away places. The committee narrowed down the choices to two: These armies were all assigned their objectives. The Rashidun Caliphate is characterized by a twenty-five year period of rapid military expansionfollowed by a five-year period of internal strife.
He also constructed a dam near Medina to protect its fountains from flooding.
Rashidun Caliphate – Wikipedia
The citizens of the Islamic empire became increasingly prosperous as trade activities increased. Umar is also remembered for establishing the Islamic calendar; it is lunar like the Arabian calendar, but the origin is set inthe year of the Hijra when Muhammad emigrated to Medina.
In an analysis of the shura chapter of the Qur’an, Qutb argued Islam requires only that the ruler consult with at least some of the ruled usually the elitewithin the general context of God-made laws that the ruler must execute. According to some sources, the Persian losses were 20, khukfa the Arabs lost 10, men.
Lapidusp. He was a scribe of the Quran, who kept a written copy of it, and memorized its verses as soon as they were revealed.
At the height of the Rashidun Caliphate the maximum size of the army was khulfstroops. The five times larger Byzantine army was defeated in October CE. Abu Bakr sent Khalid to conquer Mesopotamia after the Ridda wars.
Rashidun – Wikipedia
Initially the land was primarily used for pasture, but later buildings were constructed. In the Rashidun army raided Phrygia.
This article has an unclear citation style. His caliphate coincided with the First Fitna civil war when Muslims were divided over who had the legitimate right to occupy the caliphate.
After his appointment as caliph, Ali dismissed several provincial governors, some of whom were relatives of Uthman, and rashidfen them with trusted aides such as Malik al-Ashtar. Yazdegerd was unable to raise another army and became a hunted fugitive.
Special stables were provided for cavalry.
After the Battle of Rashiceen the city finally agreed to surrender in October Abu Dawud collects a huge hadith, which ends with:. For the lodging of persons suffering sentences as punishment, Jails were constructed for the first time in Muslim history.
The “sahaba” refers to any man or woman who lived during the time of the Prophet saw and embraced Islam and saw and recognized the Prophet saw at least once in his lifetime, and then died on Islam. The success of these raids made Abdullah Ibn Sa’ad feel that a regular campaign should be undertaken for the conquest of North Africa.
This article has multiple issues. In his testament Umar had instructed his successor not to make any change in the administrative set up for one year after his death.
Every appointment was made in writing. Sunni view of Ali Shi’a view of Ali.