Iphigenia in Tauris by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Searchable etext. Discuss with other readers. Iphigenie in Tauris: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: First Weimar period (–86 ): manner, Iphigenie auf Tauris (Iphigenia in Tauris), which shows the healing. Iphigenie auf Tauris; Iphigenia in Tauris is written in blank verse (unrhymed iamblic Goethe’s version differs from the classical original in two important ways.
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The ancient tradition of Troy stories generally blames a woman, Helen of Troy, for being the direct cause of the war, whether she ran off with Paris tauuris, or was taken away by force. It is not surprising that the story of Iphigenia involves sacrificing goetue innocent young woman, so that her father Agamemnon can sail off to Troy to recover Helen, the wife of his brother Menelaus. In some variants, Iphigenia is rescued from the altar by the goddess Artemis and whisked away to the land of Tauris to serve iphiegnia Artemis’ priestess.
In the fifth century BCE, Euripides wrote Iphigenia in Tauris, telling of Iphigenia’s bitter life as a priestess in the land of Tauris, where she was required to sacrifice any passing strangers at the orders of Thoas, King of Tauris. After many years, two strangers landed on the shore. Unknown to Iphigenia, one of them was her brother, Orestes, who had been driven mad by the Furies to punish him for killing his mother Clytemnestra.
Iphigenia in Tauris by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Gowthe other stranger was Pylades, cousin to Orestes. Once they and Iphigenia recognized one another, they devised a successful plot to deceive the King and escape from Tauris.
Goethe took this play and reworked it goeethe a rather amazing celebration of how one pure woman could heal the insanity and evils of the pagan past, symbolized by the dysfunctional House of Atreus as well as by King Thoas, whose notion of hospitality was to sacrifice passing strangers to his god.
Goethe’s Iphigenia is a woman of such noble high-mindedness that she refuses to deceive the King.
Instead, she tells him the truth, even though that truth risks the lives of her brother and cousin. Iphigenia persuades King Thoas to release the two prisoners instead of sacrificing them, and to let all three of them return to Greece with his blessing.
Because it offers such an intriguing contrast iphiegnia Goethe’s idealistic enlightenment approach, I am adding some material about another German Troy drama which might be considered the anti-Iphigenia, the intensely romantic and bizarre Penthesilea by Heinrich von Kleist.
Iphigenie in Tauris
Penthesilea was the queen of the Amazons who fought and died at Troy. Note the English etext of Goethe’s Iphigenia under Etexts below. E xplore the links below. Verse Plays and Epic. The link goes to Amazon, where I recently bought a copy of this play.
Translated by Anna Swanwick. The House of Atreus: Breaking Free from Family Curse and Conditioning.
Iphigenia in Tauris by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Search eText, Read Online, Study, Discuss.
Iphigenia in Tauris by Euripides: Translated by Gilbert Murray. Translated by Robert Potter. E-text with discussion forum, search engine and links to book purchases. This site offers to sell the play script quite inexpensively.
Iphigenia in Tauris by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Free Ebook
It includes much but not all of the text. A list of links to several etexts by Goethe in English on Bartleby.
This site narrates the story of how Artemis rescued Iphigenia and took her to Tauris, as well as how Athena later rescued Iphigenia from Tauris. This is part of an Encyclopedia of the Goddess Athena site which is full of images and stories about her and her temples, rituals, etc.
Click on the tiny map of the Eastern Mediterranean to see a large, clear map of the area, including Tauris; some information about Tauris, including a link to Herodotus writing about Tauris.
This is part of an interesting site containing maps of the ancient Greek world. The Hanging Gardens were a Dream”: Circe and Ulysses “Ulysses “: