grammaticalization, and the book under review is a welcome addition to the steadily In their book, Hopper & Traugott define grammaticalization as ‘the pro-. Traugott ; Hopper & Traugott ), is a basic type of change that may lead to Claims about “constructions” and grammaticalization in earlier work. Grammaticalization: Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics, Cambridge University Press, second ed., , xx +.
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One language, two grammars? Meillet’s definition was “the attribution of grammatical character to an erstwhile autonomous word”. These are semantic bleachingphonetic erosionmorphological reduction and obligatorification. Some observations on the typology of focus and aspect in narrative language PJ Hopper Studies in Language.
In addition, most are not limited to grammaticalization but can be applied in the wider context of language change. In the process of grammaticalization, an uninflected lexical word or content word is transformed into a grammar word or function word. It plays an important role in the reconstruction of older states of a language. Account Options Sign in. The great number of studies on grammaticalization in the last decade grammaticalizatioh grammaticalization remains a popular item and is regarded as an important field within linguistic studies in general.
The last decade has seen a rise in popularity in construction-based approaches to grammar. Selected pages Title Page.
Synopsis of Hopper & Traugott Chap. 2
In order to successfully communicate these ideas, grammatical structures slowly came into existence. Trxugott Grammar, as a kind of cognitive linguistics, differs significantly New articles related to this author’s research. Here, the phrase has lost its lexical meaning of “allow us” and has become an auxiliary introducing a suggestion, the pronoun ‘us’ reduced first to a suffix and then to an unanalyzed phoneme. During the second half of the twentieth century, the study of grammatical change over time became somewhat unfashionable [ attribution needed ]in contrast to structuralist ideas of language change in which grammaticalization did not play a role.
In Modern Englishthis form is even shortened to ‘ll and no longer necessarily implies intention, but often is simply a mark of future tense see shall and will.
Lessau notes that “unidirectionality in itself is a predictive assertion in that it selects the general type of possible development it predicts the direction of any given incipient case ,” and unidirectionality also rules out an entire range of development types that do not follow this principle, hereby limiting the amount of possible paths of development.
Email address for updates. This was the first work to emphasize the continuity of research from the earliest period to the present, and it provided a survey of the major work in the field. This study focuses on the use and meaning of grammatical markers of tense, aspect, and modality grammaticaliaztion identifies a Examples that are not confined to a specific lexical item are less common. Get my own profile Cited by View all All Since Citations h-index 40 26 iindex 63 Oxford University Press, However, Hopper and Traugott ‘s famous pattern for the cline of grammaticalization illustrates the various stages of the trauhott.
Paul J. Hopper – Google Scholar Citations
As Jespersen put it. One is the English genitive -‘s, which, in Old Englishwas a suffix but, in Modern English, is a clitic. Since it is the entire phrase to up the ante that is the verb, Hopper and Traugott argue that the word up itself cannot be said to have degrammaticalized, a view that is challenged to some extent by parallel usages such as to up the bidto up the paymentto up the deductionsto up the medicationby the fact that in all cases the can be replaced by a possessive my, your, her, Bill’s, etc.
This is a general introduction to grammaticalization, the change whereby lexical terms and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions. Unity and diversity in grammaticalization scenarios pdf. HopperElizabeth Closs Traugott No preview available – Among recent publications there is a wide range of descriptive studies trying to come up with umbrella definitions and exhaustive lists, while others tend to focus more on its nature and significance, questioning the opportunities and boundaries of grammaticalization.
Syntax and Semantics Ann Arbor, Mich. Other editions – View all Grammaticalization Paul J. Hopper grammaticalizqtion, Elizabeth Closs Traugott Limited preview – Later studies in the field have further developed and altered Meillet’s ideas and have introduced many other examples of grammaticalization.
HopperElizabeth Closs Traugott. Another example of grammaticalization occurs in American English with surewhere it is used in routine phrases and as a response.