May 16, 2020

This manual is part of the FM series, which describes a contemporary. Opposing Force (OPFOR) that exists for the purpose of training U.S. forces. publications in the former Field Manual [FM] series will be TCs outline an OPFOR than can cover the entire spectrum of military and. First, the armor- and mechanized-based and infantry-based OPFOR modules . Likewise, some types of OPFOR described in FM can.

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Accurate and complete reconnaissance is imperative. The outcome of initial operations, which can shape the rest of a war, usually depends on which side wins the race to mobilize its forces, concentrate them in the area of conflict, and deploy them for battle.

While the deployment of whole mechanized infantry or tank divisions by air is not practical, the OPFOR may use air transport to deploy high-value items urgently needed forward: Continuity of C 2 is fundamental. The army’s width may be from to km.

OPFOR standards do not require traffic control posts if the march route is less than km long. The OPFOR describes initial movement as routine internal redeployment or exercise activity, supported by public pronouncements and diplomatic communications.

The least preferred option is to have an army forward CP move at opflr head of the first echelon throughout, with the main CP moving in the second echelon, a day’s march behind. Rather than standing organizations with predictable structures, most of their military organizations are ad hoc. The primary purpose of the field manuals in the series opfpr to provide the basis for a realistic and versatile OPFOR to meet U.


During fog, reduce day speed 25 to 30 percent.

File:FM 7-100.1 – OPFOR, Opposing Force Operations (December 2004).pdf

Air defense assets generally move dispersed throughout the march formation, but with a concentration at the head of march columns. Thus, deployment in peacetime may be by rail, but during combat the movement of units by rail would be rare, except in strategic depth, and used only in fmm circumstances. Radar corner reflectors and deception jammers target enemy airborne and ground-based radars.

They can support training in the field, in classrooms, or in automated simulations. Specific emphasis shifts as OPFOR units prepare for their initial movement, and as they transition between movement and halts. Medium and large infantry-based forces may also possess significant armor- and mechanized-based formations.

A second-echelon division on three routes is about 80 km deep. These forces normally have a complex structure, with more specialized units operating highly oppfor equipment.

Movement support detachments MSDs, see Chapter 12tailored to the terrain and the degree of enemy route-denial effort, follow immediately behind the forward security element or possibly behind advance guard battalions. The successful execution of a march depends on several support measures.

The events list drives the conduct and tempo of the scenario. In such cases, trainers could fill in gaps by using those parts of the capabilities-based OPFOR that are most consistent with what they do know about a specific threat. A medium-size infantry-based force may have one or more standing armies or corps and the capability to integrate forces at the lower opvor of the operational level.

FM Armor- And Mechanized-Based Opposing Force Operational Art – Inroduction

Thus, this sort of march, too, is better for prewar deployments. Field Manual depicts infantry-based forces of a country that is divided geographically into an unspecified number of military regions, each with a number of subordinate military districts. Daily march performance calculations assume that units march from 10 to 12 hours of each day.


In this instance, there is a single march route commandant appointed to control and regulate movement. Measures such as reconnaissance; NBC defense; camouflage, concealment, and deception; engineer and topographical support; and logistics are generally the responsibility of the military districts, allied states, and army groups through which the march passes. Once in the combat zone, the OPFOR deploys stronger march security, especially on any open or threatened flank.

Large armor- and mechanized-based forces can conduct large-scale, combined arms operations. Such an OPFOR should portray the specified, real-world threat force with the greatest possible fidelity based on the best available classified and unclassified information.

Pofor of these forces is capable of meeting the most advanced armies on an even footing in conventional battle. Moving from the lpfor assembly area to the line of commitment, first-echelon divisions can spread out more to observe proper tactical intervals see Figure OPFOR divisions have the ability to cover 1, to 1, km over difficult march routes, with a daily march rate of from to km.

The engineer units are needed to prepare for movement. Rather, they provide the building blocks from which users can derive an infinite number of potential orders of battle, depending on their training requirements.