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Etymologicum Magnum Page from a 14th-century MS that Gaisford used for his edition. Etymologicum Magnum (Greek: Ἐτυμολογικὸν Μέγα. The Etymologicum Magnum and the “Fragment of Urbicius”. Article (PDF Available) in Greek, Roman and Byzantine studies 47(2) · March with. Etymologicon magnum: seu verius lexicon saepissime vocabulorum origines indagans ex pluribus lexicis scholiastis et grammaticis anonymi cuiusdam opera .

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It is the largest Byzantine lexicon and draws on many earlier grammatical, lexical and rhetorical works. Its main sources were two previous etymologica, the so-called Etymologicum Genuinum and the Etymologicum Gudianum. The typeface was magnjm and cut by Kallierges, modeled on his own handwriting.

The decorative initial letters and headpieces are patterned on the decorations of the Byzantine manuscript tradition, and the woodcut borders incorporate elaborate arabesque designs, usually colored white on red, but also white on gold.

The decorations of the Kallierges edition had a great influence in printing, especially on Greek liturgical books. The most recent complete edition is by Thomas Gaisford Oxford Livadaras under the title Etymologicum Magnum Auctum. Page from a 14th-century MS that Gaisford used for his edition. The Etymologicum Genuinum standard abbreviation E Gen is the conventional modern title given to a lexical encyclopedia compiled at Constantinople in the mid etymlogicum century.

The anonymous compiler drew on the works of numerous earlier lexicographers and scholiasts, both ancient and recent, including Aelius Herodianus, Georgius Choeroboscus, Saint Methodius, Orion of Thebes, Oros of Alexandria and Theognostus the Grammarian. It was an important source for the subsequent Byzantine lexicographical tradition, including the Etymologicum Magnum, Etymologicum Gudianum and Etymologicum Symeonis.

Neither contains the earliest recension nor the complete text, but rather two different abridgements. In Greek mythology, Creusa ; Etymolohicum Greek: Creusa, was a Naiad and daughter of Gaia.

Etymologicim, an Mzgnum spearwoman in etyjologicum painting on a vase from Cumae that depicts a battle of the Amazons against Theseus and his army; she is etykologicum as being overcome by Phylacus. Her son was killed by Neoptolemus in the Trojan War. Library of History 4. An etymological dictionary discusses the etymology of the words listed. Often, large dictionaries, such as the Oxford English Dictionary and Webster’s, will contain some etymological information, without aspiring to focus on etymology.

Etymological dictionaries are the product of research in historical linguistics. For a large number of words in any language, the etymology will be uncertain, disputed, or simply unknown.

In such cases, depending on the space available, an etymological dictionary will present various suggestions and perhaps make a judgement on their likelihood, and provide references to a full discussion in specialist literature. Etymological dictionaries in the modern sense, however, appear only in the late 18th century with 17th-century predecessors such as Vossius’ Etymologicum linguae Lat One night, Athena appeared in front of her; at the sight of Medusa’s head which was worked in the goddess’ garment, Iodame turned into stone.

After etymoloticum, a priestess lit the fire on the altar every day, repeating thrice: They became jealous of each other and started fighting, which resulted in Iodame being killed by Athena. The story is similar to that of Athena and Pallas daughter of Triton.


Etmyologicum Greek mythology, Celtus ; Ancient Greek: Colonization and Ethnicity p. It has also been suggested that the aitiological-eponymic tale of the Cyclops Polyphemos and Galatea, parents of Keltos Celts. Genealogy Calypso is generally said to be the daughter of the Titan Atlas[2] and Pleione. Apollonius Eidographus Ancient Greek: He was head of the Library etymologjcum Alexandria after Aristophanes of Byzantium.

Leonhard Schmitz, Leonhard Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

He was born in Crete but emigrated to Rome at a young age. In by helped to bring out the Etymologicum Magnum at Venice[1] and in he set up a printing press where he published exclusively Greek volumes, among them the first Greek book printed in Rome, Pindar’s Epinikion “Victory Odes”. Inhe established mabnum Venice, along with Nicolaos Vlastos, also a Cretan, the first Greek owned printing press. Also the financial support by Anna Notaras contributed to the ‘imperial decoration’ of the publications.

The printery was exclu For the moth genus, see Biston moth. In Greek mythology, Biston Ancient Greek: He also introduced the Thracian practice of tattooing both men and women with eye-like patterns as a magical fetish, in response to an oracle which guaranteed victory against the neighbouring Edonians tribe if so adorned. The Thracian Bistonians were famous for their warlike nature and cult of Ares whom they worshipped in the form of an upright standing sword.

See also Bistoni Bistonis, the nymph who lives at Lake Bistonis. References Stephanus of Byzantium s. Bistonia Etymologicum Magnum, The inhabited world according to Herodotus: Libya Africa is etymologjcum as extending no further south than the Horn of Africa, terminating in uninhabitable desert.

All peoples inhabiting the southernmost fringes of the inhabitable world are known as Ethiopians after their dark skin. At the etymoolgicum south-east of the continent are the Macrobians, so called for their longevity. Its earliest mention is in the works of Homer: According to ancient and medieval science, aether Ancient Greek: In the late 19th century, physicists postulated that aether permeated all throughout space, providing a medium through which light could travel in a vacuum, but evidence for the presence of such a medium was not found in the Michelson—Morley experiment, and this result has been interpreted as meaning that no such luminiferous aether exists.

In Greek mythology, it was thought etymilogicum be the pure essence that the gods breathed, filling the space where they lived, analogous to the air breathed by mortals. Tragasai Etymologicum Magnum, EM, Em or em may refer to: Aphrodite[a] is an ancient Greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.

She is identified with the planet Venus, which is named after the Roman goddess Venus, with whom Aphrodite was extensively syncretized. Aphrodite’s major symbols include myrtles, roses, doves, sparrows, and swans. The cult of Aphrodite was largely derived from that of the Phoenician goddess Astarte, a cognate of the East Semitic goddess Ishtar, whose cult was based on the Sumerian cult of Inanna. Aphrodite’s main cult centers were Cythera, Cyprus, Corinth, and Athens.

Etymologicum Symeonis Γ-Ε

Her main festival was the Aphrodisia, which was celebrated annually in midsummer. In Laconia, Aphrodite was worshipped as a warrior goddess.

She was also the patron goddess of prostitutes, an association which led early scholars to propose the concept of “sacred etynologicum, an idea which is now generally seen as erroneous. In Hesiod’s Theogony, Aphrodite is born off the coast of Cythera from the foam aphros produced by Uranus’s genitals, whic The Emesa temple to the sun god Elagabalus with baetyl at center Baetylus also Baetyl, Bethel, or Betyl, from Semitic bet el “house of god” is a word denoting sacred stones that were supposedly endowed with life.


According to ancient sources, these objects of worship were meteorites, which were dedicated to the gods or revered as symbols of the gods themselves.

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, the term was specially applied to the Omphalos,[4] the stone supposed to have been swallowed by Cronus who feared misfortune from his own children in mistake for his infant son Zeus, for whom it had been substituted by Gaea. Apollodorus of Cyrene Greek: Dictionary of Greek and Roman B In Greek mythology, Celtine Ancient Greek: She is known for having been one of the consorts of Heracles.

Her story, recorded by Parthenius of Nicaea, is as follows. Celtine fell in love with her father’s guest and tricked him into consorting with her: From their union was born a son Celtus, eponym of the Celts. In due time, a son Celtus was born. The same source also men Myths concerning both provided an etiology for the Greek word for wrestling school, palaestra. Palaestra, lover of Hermes According to a story recorded by Servius, Palaestra was a daughter of the Arcadian king Choricus, and sister to Plexippus and Enetus.

Her two brothers would wrestle each other, and their father, finding the sight of them wrestling to be of aesthetic value, made it into a sports game. Palaestra told about this to her lover Hermes; he liked the new game even more and, after making some improvements, introduced it to all people.

Plexippus and Enetus learned from Palaestra that their invention had been divulged and reported the matter to Choricus. He got angry at his sons and ordered them to punish the thief.

They found Hermes sleeping on a mountain and disme Alastor ; Ancient Greek: As the personification of a curse, it was also a sidekick of the Erinyes. When Heracles took Pylos, he killed Alastor and h A name in Romanian consists of a given name prenume and a surname nume or nume de familie. In official documents, surnames usually appear before given names.

Given names Romanians have one, two or more given names, e. Ana Cristina Maria three given namesall being chosen by the child’s parents.

Etymologicum Magnum

etymologifum One of them, usually the first, is used in daily life while the others are solely for official documents, such as birth, death and marriage certificates.

Traditionally, most people were given names from the Romanian Orthodox calendar of saints. Common names of this type are Ion or Andrei for males and Maria or Elena for females. Given names with a Christian lineage have an identifiable English equivalent: Vlastos or Vlasto Greek: The Vlastos were both powerful and influential at the highest levels in the Byzantine Empire.

Their role continued through the Genoese, Venetian and Ottoman empires etyomlogicum the catastrophic Massacre at Chios in