Title Page / Vorwort / Inhaltsverzeichnis. Elsner H. Elsner H.: Krebsentstehung und endokrines System. Basel, Karger, , pp I-VI (DOI/). Translation for ‘Endokrines System’ in the free German-English dictionary and many other English translations. German-English Dictionary: Translation for endokrines System.
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A nerve impulse travels rapidly and produces an almost instantaneous response but one that lasts only briefly. Biochemical reactions within the body are very sensitive to even small changes in acidity or alkalinity i.
It controls the autonomic nervous systemproduces a range of hormones and regulates the secretion of many others from the pituitary gland see Chapter 7 for more information on the hypothalamus.
This hormone regulates the amount of glucose in the blood by increasing the rate at which glucose is converted to glycogen in the liver and the movement of glucose from the blood into cells. In other languages Add links. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world. Many inland soils in New Zealand contain almost no iodine so goitre can be common in stock when iodine supplements are not given. The thyroid gland is situated in the neck, just in front of the windpipe or trachea see diagram It produces the hormone melatoninwhich influences the development of sexual maturity and the seasonality of breeding and hibernation.
They produce the hormone parathormone that regulates the amount of calcium in the blood and influences the excretion of phosphates in the urine. There are two parts to this endocrine gland, an outer cortex and an inner medulla. However, target cells are sensitive to subtle changes in hormone concentration and the endocrine system regulates processes by changing the rate of hormone secretion. Cells around the sperm producing ducts of the testis produce the hormone testosterone.
In general the nervous system responds rapidly to short-term changes by sending electrical impulses along nerves and the endocrine system brings about longer-term adaptations by sending out chemical messengers called hormones into the blood stream.
Adrenaline increases the amount of blood reaching them by causing their blood vessels to dilate and the heart to beat faster. After moderate blood loss, several mechanisms come into play to increase blood pressure and make up blood volume. Unlike exocrine glands see chapter 5fndokrines glands have no ducts, but release their secretions directly into the blood system, which carries them throughout the body.
Hormone & endokrines System by Julie B. on Prezi
The concentration of the body fluids remains relatively constant irrespective of the diet or the quantity of water taken into the body by the animal. In diabetes mellitus the pancreas produces endokrnies insulin and glucose levels in the blood can increase to a dangerous level.
The biochemical and physiological processes in the cell are sensitive to temperature.
This page was last edited on 12 Octoberat Much of the carbon dioxide produced by respiration in cells is carried in the blood as carbonic acid. Breathing is one of these mechanisms.
In contrast, hormones act more slowly and their effects may be long lasting. The heat is distributed through the body by the blood and is lost mainly through the skin surface.
It is therefore important that the blood contains balanced quantities of acids and bases.
Endokrines System – English translation – German-English dictionary
Their positions in the body are shown in diagram As the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood increases the blood becomes more acidic and the pH decreases. This stimulates the development of the male reproductive system and the male sexual characteristics endoktines generally larger body of male animals, mane in lions, tusks in boars, etc.
As mentioned in module 1. In most animals the pancreas is an oblong, pinkish organ that lies in the first bend of the small intestine see diagram Retrieved from ” https: Target cells respond to minute quantities of hormones and the concentration in the blood is sgstem extremely low.
Water is lost from the body by many routes see module 1. This condition is known as shock. Again it is the hypothalamus that monitors the concentration of the blood and initiates the release of hormones from the posterior pituitary gland. Bright light inhibits melatonin secretion Low level of melatonin in bright light makes one feel good and this increases fertility.
Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Endocrine System
A major symptom of this condition is glucose in the urine. If mating occurs, other hormones stimulate the release of ova from the ovary of the female and a range of different hormones maintains pregnancy, delivery of the kittens and lactation.
The anterior pituitary gland secretes hormones that regulate a wide range of activities in the body. The nervous and endocrine systems both work together to bring about this adaptation.
“Endokrines System” in English
To add to the problem, chemicals called goitrogens that occur naturally in plants like kale that belong to the cabbage familycan also cause goitre even when there is adequate iodine available. This increases water retention since it increases the osmotic pressure of the fluids ysstem the tubules and water therefore flows out of them by osmosis.
The animal will die unless a vet administers fluid or blood. Loss of blood or body fluids leads to decreased blood volume and hence decreased blood pressure.
The pituitary gland is a pea-sized structure that is attached by a stalk to the underside of the cerebrum of ejdokrines brain see diagram Views Read Edit View history.
Faced with a perilous situation the animal needs to either fight or make a rapid escape. The parathyroid glands are also found in the neck just behind the thyroid glands see diagram Cells of the brain are particularly vulnerable.