Ateles chamek, or the black-faced black spider monkey, is found in areas of Peru, Brazil, or Bolivia. (Felton, et al., ; Felton, et al., ; Iwanaga and Ferrari. Learn more about the Peruvian spider monkey – with amazing Peruvian spider monkey photos and facts on Arkive. Scientific name: Ateles Chamek English names: Black-faced Spider monkey, Peruvian Spider monkey. Spanish and local names: Marimono, Mono araña.
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Share this image — Hide sharing options. Previously considered a subspecies of either the black spider monkey Ateles paniscus or the white-bellied spider monkey Ateles belzebuththe Peruvian spider monkey is now considered a separate species on the basis of its dark rather than pink face, its all-black body, slightly smaller size, and differences in its DNA 1 4 5 6 7. Like all spider monkeys, it is a large, slender monkey with long, spider-like limbs and a long, flexible, prehensile tail, which can be used like a fifth limb.
The underside of the tail tip is hairless, giving extra grip, while hook-like hands and a highly mobile shoulder joint help the spider monkey to swing easily beneath branches 2 4 5 8 9.
The head is relatively small, with a prominent blackish muzzle 2 8and the fur of the adults is entirely black except for a silvery genital patch and sometimes a few white hairs on the muzzle, cheeks and forehead 7. Male and female Peruvian spider monkeys are similar in appearance, although the female can be mistaken for a male as a result of an unusually elongated clitoris 8 9 The calls of this species include screams, barks and a horse-like whinnying 4 8.
Active during the day, the Peruvian spider monkey feeds on a wide variety of ripe fruits, particularly figs Ficusalthough unripe fruit, new leaves and flowers are also eaten, particularly when fruit is scarce. The diet may also be supplemented with seeds, buds, bark, wood, honey and occasionally small insects 2 11 12 13 14and the Peruvian spider monkey is believed to be an important seed disperser 1 Spider monkeys are highly agile primates, able to move swiftly through the trees by swinging, climbing, running, or walking bipedally, and can even hang suspended entirely by the tail 2 8 9 The Peruvian spider monkey lives in groups of up to 20 to 30 individuals, but members of the group are rarely seen together, usually splitting into smaller, temporary groups to travel, feed and rest.
Breeding may occur at any time of year, the female giving birth to a single young after a gestation period of around to days. Spider monkeys reproduce slowly, each female giving birth only once every two to four years, and individuals not reaching maturity until around four to five years old.
Peruvian spider monkey – Wikipedia
When mature, young males generally remain within the group, while females leave to join another group 1 2 8 10 The Peruvian spider monkey has been recorded living to about 40 years 8. The Peruvian spider monkey inhabits primary lowland rainforest as well as riverine and flooded forest, and mainly uses the upper levels of the forest canopy 1 2 4 8 The Peruvian spider monkey is under serious threat from hunting for food, as well as from habitat loss as forests are cleared for agriculture, cattle ranching and mining 1.
Its dependence on mature, undisturbed forest makes the Peruvian spider monkey particularly vulnerable to habitat loss and degradation, while its slow reproductive rate means that populations take a long time to recover from any losses 1 2 5 8 However, tighter controls on hunting, together with stronger measures to preserve its habitat, are likely to be needed if this charismatic primate is to be properly protected.
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Peruvian spider monkey
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Image credit Link to this image Add to scrapbook How you can use this image. Peruvian spider monkey fact file Description Biology Range Habitat Status Threats Conservation Find out more Glossary References Print factsheet Peruvian spider monkey description Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Primates Family Atelidae Genus Ateles 1 Previously considered a subspecies of either the atelees spider monkey Ateles paniscus or the white-bellied spider monkey Ateles belzebuththe Peruvian spider monkey is now considered a separate species on the basis of its dark rather than pink face, its all-black body, slightly smaller size, and differences in its DNA 1 4 5 6 7.
Also known as Black spider monkey, black-faced spider monkey, Chamek spider monkey, Peruvian black spider monkey.
Black-handed spider monkey Ateles geoffroyi. Brown-headed spider monkey Ateles fusciceps.
Variegated spider monkey Ateles hybridus. Peruvian spider monkey biology Active during the day, the Peruvian spider monkey feeds on a wide variety of ripe fruits, particularly figs Ficusalthough unripe fruit, new leaves and flowers are also eaten, particularly when fruit is scarce.
American bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus. Red-breasted blackbird Sturnella militaris. Alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum. Peruvian spider monkey habitat The Peruvian spider monkey inhabits primary lowland rainforest as well as riverine and flooded forest, and mainly uses the upper levels of the forest canopy 1 2 4 8 Liberian mongoose Liberiictis kuhni.
Andean night monkey Aotus miconax. Peruvian spider monkey threats The Peruvian spider monkey is under serious threat from hunting for food, as well as from habitat loss as forests are cleared for agriculture, cattle ranching and mining 1. Peruvian spider monkey conservation The Peruvian spider monkey occurs in many protected areas throughout its range 1and international trade in the species should be regulated under its listing on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species CITES 3.
Find out more To find out more about the conservation of this and other primates see: Glossary Gestation The state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth.
Prehensile Capable of grasping. Primary rainforest Rainforest that has remained undisturbed for a long time and has reached a mature condition. Subspecies A population usually restricted to a geographical area that differs from other populations of the same species, but not to the extent of being classified as a separate species.
Territory An area occupied and defended by an animal, a pair of animals or a colony.
Oxford University Press, Oxford. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil. Zoo Biology9: Academic Press, San Diego, Atele. Academic Steles, New York.
American Journal of Primatology Steles Journal of Primatology26 5: International Journal of Primatology X Close Image credit. X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below.
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